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7 cities to visit in Spain

Beautiful sun-drenched beaches, splendid scenic beauty, delicious cuisines, and incredible nightlife. Spain has it all. Here are seven vacation destinations that are a must-see in Spain.

1. Costa Brava- The Costa Brava has always been a prominent place for vacations throughout the year. The coastline stretches from Port Bou to Blanes. The place has high cliffs, abundant vegetation, beautiful villages, sun-drenched beaches and hidden bays, which can only be accessed by boat. The best places include Chichi Begur, Cadaqués and Port Lligat. Port Lligat is famous for Salvador Dali and his wife Gala, as they once lived and worked. If you are interested in culture and archeology, then Ampurias or Empúries is a must.

2. Santiago de Compostela- This is the capital city of the Galicia region in the northwestern part of Spain. Also known for its traditional pilgrimage, the place is also known as the Camino de Santiago. The pilgrimage is important for many Christians since Santiago was buried. The city captivates the attention of people from all over the world. From its illustrious history or its rich culture, the city has a lot to offer. Praza do Obradoiro is the arrival point for pilgrims. The Cathedral of Santiago is also an important landmark, as it is located in the heart of the city.

3. Barcelona: the capital of Catalonia, this cosmopolitan city located on the Mediterranean coast has a historical background that blends effortlessly with modern urban life. Antoni Gaudí’s unfinished cathedral, La Sagrada Familia and Parc Güell, is a must-see. The city is well fed, both historically and culturally. Barcelona has several bars, excellent shops and also incredible clubs. Also check out the pleasant seaside resort of Sitges, a drive to the Montserrat National Park, which offers hiking, climbing and a monastery with a beautiful panoramic view.

4. Madrid-Located in the center of Spain, the city is more than two million years old, since the stone age. While most tourists visit Madrid for its quiet beaches, there is much more. The city offers some of the best museums in the world, restaurants, a vibrant nightlife, delicious delicacies and also a large number of pedestrian shops to offer the true essence of Spain. The historic center, Madrid los Austriacos, is a must-see. Today Madrid stands out for its art and culture, with more than seventy museums, including the famous Prado Museum, the Reina Sofía National Art Center and the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum.

5. Valencia- Valencia is one of the largest cities in Spain. The city is located in the eastern part of the country in the Valencia region. The city is well built with an important cultural and entertainment complex, known as the “City of Arts and Sciences”. There are several science museums, aquariums, planetariums. Valencia hosts the Fallas Festival every March. It should be on every tourist’s wish list.

6. Seville: lively nightlife, refreshing atmosphere and beautiful tourist attraction, Seville tops the list of cities in Spain that you must visit. The city is the cultural and financial capital of Andalusia. A beautiful place with important historical landmarks, the most important being the great Cathedral of Seville. Seville Cathedral is a major tourist attraction, as it is believed to be the burial place of Christopher Columbus. The Real Alcázar is another exorbitant place with a luxurious garden.

7. Granada- Capital of the province of Granada, the city is located south of Seirra Nevada. Granada is the perfect mix of culture, tradition with an extravagant night life and a beautiful scenic beauty. Granada has a great architectural sight, with visitors coming from all over the world mainly to experience the Alhambra. The former Moorish rule in Europe, the Alhambra offers its visitors marvelous ornamental architecture, splendid scenic beauty along with a spectacular lush garden and stunning views of the city.

Spain is synonymous with modern experience perfectly interwoven with its great history and culture. Each city in Spain is an experience in itself. Happy Holidays!

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Linux and Microsoft Dynamics GP: Deployment in a cross-platform environment

As more small and medium-sized organizations are implementing open platform operating systems and tools, such as Linux with various combinations and PHP / MySQL, we would like to share our experience in implementing Microsoft Great Plains in these mixed operating system environments. If you are using Oracle and Unix you may also consider the methodology however it deserves a separate article just for a brief overview, especially on the nuances of Java and EJB.

1. Overview of the MS Great Plains platform. The GP workstation is written in C Shell, called Great Plains Dexterity. It was designed in the early 1990s, when platform independence from DB and OS was the paradigm. However, when Microsoft acquired Great Plains Software seven years ago, Microsoft Dexterity was scaled down a bit and GP itself was open to the .Net platform and Microsoft Visual Studio C # and VB developers, especially through eConnect. Also, GP is only available on the Microsoft SQL Server DB platform. With that said, Microsoft Great Plains version 10.0 and 9.0 should be considered committed to Microsoft technologies: SQL Server, .Net, Windows, MS Office: Sharepoint, Excel, etc.

2. Cross-platform SQL queries. If you are doing it from the Microsoft SQL Server 2005 or 2000 side, the build you normally use is Linked Server, where you must first test the ODBC connection to Linux World. If you are on Oracle a similar build will allow you to connect MS SQL Server

3. Web services. eConnect allows you to open GP objects for non-Microsoft developers through XML web services; you can use the eConnect interface directly or wrap it in a custom web service interface

4. eConnect Tour. The core of eConnect is a set of encrypted MS SQL Server stored procedures, allowing you to manipulate GP master records and work transactions: SOP Entry, POP Receipts, Customers, Suppliers, to name a few. eConnect has GP architecture restrictions, one of the typical FAQ is why can’t we publish GP batches to eConnect. Well, this is the restriction, but you can break it by using the Albaspectrum publishing server. eConnect was initially dedicated to e-commerce software developers, to enable GP ERP platform as backoffice accounting for e-commerce front-end

5. Integration technology. Here again eConnect enters the picture. GP Integration Manager, which is a fairly traditional Great Plains integration tool, was recently partially redesigned in eConnect and therefore IM performance increased substantially. IM can read comma and tab delimited text files as well as ODBC compliant queries. When scheduling the integration, be sure to select the eConnect target connector as your preference, rather than implementing the regular target connector (old-fashioned connectors use the GP workstation as an OLE server to validate Great Plains business logic directly on the GP screens, which obviously slows down performance)

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The history of computers

The first computers


The history of the computer dates back much longer than the 1900s, in fact, computers have been around for more than 5000 years.

In ancient times, a “computer” (or “computor”) was a person who performed numerical calculations under the direction of a mathematician.

Some of the best known devices used are the Abacus or Antikythera mechanism.

Around 1725 Basile Bouchon used perforated paper on a loom to establish the pattern to be reproduced on cloth. This ensured that the pattern was always the same and that there were hardly any human errors.

Later, in 1801, Joseph Jacquard (1752-1834) used the idea of ​​punch cards to automate more devices with great success.

The first computers?


From Charles Babbage. (1792-1871), was ahead of his time and, using the idea of ​​punch cards, developed the first computing devices to be used for scientific purposes. He invented the Charles Babbage differential engine, which started in 1823 but never finished. Later he began work on the analytical engine, it was designed in 1842.

Babbage was also credited with inventing computational concepts like conditional branches, iterative loops, and index variables.

Ada Lovelace (1815-1852), was Babbage’s colleague and founder of scientific informatics.

Many people improved on Babbage’s inventions, George Scheutz along with his son, Edvard Scheutz, started working on a smaller version and by 1853 they had built a machine that could process 15-digit numbers and calculate fourth-order differences.

One of the first notable (and successful) commercial uses of computers was the United States Census Bureau, which used punch card kits designed by Herman Hollerith to tabulate data from the 1890 census.

To compensate for the cyclical nature of the Census Bureau’s demand for its machines, Hollerith founded the Tabulating Machine Company (1896), which was one of three companies that merged to form IBM in 1911.

Later, Claude Shannon (1916-2001) first suggested the use of digital electronics in computers and in 1937 and J.V. Atanasoff built the first electronic computer that could solve 29 simultaneous equations with 29 unknowns. But this device was not programmable

During those difficult times, computers evolved at a rapid pace. But due to restrictions, many projects remained secret until much later and a notable example is the British military “Colossus” developed in 1943 by Alan Turing and his team.

In the late 1940s, the US Army commissioned John V. Mauchly to develop a device for calculating ballistics during World War II. It turned out that the machine was not ready until 1945, but the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer, or ENIAC, turned out to be a turning point in the history of computing.

ENIAC proved to be a very efficient machine but not very easy to operate. Any change would require reprogramming of the device at some point. Engineers were well aware of this obvious problem and developed a “stored program architecture.”

John von Neumann, (ENIAC consultant), Mauchly and their team developed EDVAC, this new project used a stored program.

Later, Eckert and Mauchly developed what was arguably the first commercially successful computer, the UNIVAC.

Software technology during this period was very primitive. The first programs were written in machine code. In the 1950s, programmers used a symbolic notation, known as assembly language, and then manually translated the symbolic notation into machine code. Later programs known as assemblers performed the translation task.

The age of transistors, the end of the inventor.


The late 1950s saw the end of valve-actuated computers. Transistor-based computers were used because they were smaller, cheaper, faster, and much more reliable.

Corporations, rather than inventors, were now producing the new computers.

Some of the best known are:

  • TRADIC at Bell Laboratories in 1954,
  • TX-0 at MIT’s Lincoln Laboratory
  • IBM 704 and its successors, the 709 and 7094. The latter introduced I / O processors for better performance between I / O devices and main memory.
  • The first dinner computers, the Livermore Atomic Research Computer (LARC) and the IBM 7030 (also known as Stretch)
  • The Texas Instrument Advanced Scientific Computer (TI-ASC)

Now the foundation of computers was in place, with transistors, computers were faster and with the architecture of the stored program, the computer could be used for almost anything.

Soon new high-level programs arrived, FORTRAN (1956), ALGOL (1958) and COBOL (1959), Cambridge and the University of London cooperated in the development of CPL (Combined Programming Language, 1963). Martin Richards of Cambridge developed a subset of CPL called BCPL (Basic Computer Programming Language, 1967).

In 1969, the CDC 7600 was released, it could perform 10 million floating point operations per second (10 Mflops).

The years of the network.


Starting in 1985, the race began to put as many transistors as possible in a computer. Each of them could do a simple operation. But apart from being faster and being able to perform more operations, the computer has not evolved much.

The concept of parallel processing has been used more widely since the 1990s.

In the area of ​​computer networks, both wide area network (WAN) and local area network (LAN) technology developed at a rapid pace

Get a more detailed history of the computer [http://www.myoddpc.com/other/history_of_computer.php].

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Professional groups, a bridge between education and career planning

Since the 1960s, the career pool resources have been used as career exploration and planning tools in schools, learning communities, and organizations across the country. Career Clusters is a system that combines educational and career planning.

Step 1: Identify the areas of interest of the career group

Career groups are groups of similar occupations and industries. When teachers, counselors, and parents work with teens, college students, and adults, the first step is to complete the career cluster assessment. The assessment identifies the highest career areas. Career assessments show teen, college student, and adult rankings from one of the following 16 areas or interest groups:

1. Agriculture, food and natural resources

2. Architecture and construction

3. Arts, A / V technology and communication

4. Business, management and administration

5. Education and training

6. Finance

7. Government and public administration

8. Health Sciences

9. Hospitality and tourism

10. Human services

11. Information technology

12. Law, public safety and protection

13. Manufacturing

14. Marketing, sales and service

15. Science, technology, engineering and mathematics

16. Transportation, distribution and logistics

Step 2: Exploring Career Groups and Related Careers

After identifying the highest career groups, teens, college students, and adults explore different careers and create educational plans. Career pool tools used in education and career planning include:

  • LISA: a comprehensive database of career groups
  • Models
  • Brochures
  • Roads
  • High School Curriculum
  • Areas of interest and skills
  • Crosswalks

After completing a career cluster assessment, teens, college students, and adults search for high school websites, career models, brochures, pathways, and plans. One of the most unique comprehensive career cluster resources is the Louisiana Integrated Skills Assessment (LISA), an Internet program. LISA allows you to explore career clusters, careers, skills, training requirements, and more. There are 3 steps in the LISA program:

STEP 1: Click here to select a career group

STEP 2: Click here to select a race group

STEP 3: Explore the occupations within this career group

In Step 1, when you choose a career group, you will see a description of the group. When you select a race group in Step 2, you see different races. Finally, in Step 3, you will see a lot of information:

  • Job descriptions
  • Educational and training requirements
  • Crosswalks, for example ONET, DOT, GOE and other codes
  • Abilities
  • Knowledge
  • Abilities
  • Chores
  • Labor values
  • Labor market information

Although LISA is an amazing program, in the classroom or in the workshop, it needs printed materials. When using printed materials, the career model is the best place to start. The models provide excellent overviews that list group definitions, career examples, trajectories, knowledge, and skills. Visual models show race groups, group subgroups, and related races. Models are a great way to present racing groups.

For presentations, workshops, and group discussions, the career group brochures provide additional information. Adults and teens read about the different careers available in each career group. The brochures are used by teachers, counselors, and parents to solidify potential career or educational decisions for adults and teens. The brochures cover topics such as:

  • Definition of race groups
  • Careers
  • Career paths
  • Job prospects
  • Abilities
  • Credentials

Teachers, counselors, and parents use career pathways to obtain more detailed information. Career paths are subgroups or areas of concentration within career groups. Each track contains groups of races. Career groups have similar academic skills, technical skills, educational requirements, and training requirements. Career paths are curricula that describe required high school courses, postsecondary courses, and related careers. Career paths are essential tools that teachers, counselors, parents, and other adults use to give advice on educational planning.

Several websites feature high school curricula. These curricula show required, elective, and suggested courses for each grade level. School plans also match career clusters with related majors, career paths, and post-secondary options. Teachers, counselors, and parents find these school plans to be guides in selecting the right high school courses for potential careers. Beyond high school, the Utah System of Higher Education has created a College Pathway Guide. Parents, teachers, and counselors can use the guide to match college majors with certificate and degree programs.

Additional Resources for Counselors and Teachers

To plan the curriculum and educational programs, there are detailed knowledge and skills charts and crosswalks. Knowledge and skills add to the information listed in the career group templates. For each area of ​​knowledge and skill, there are performance elements and measurement criteria. Crosswalks show the relationships between race groups and other race patterns:

Career groups create a bridge between education and career planning. Different types of professional group resources are available: videos, websites, brochures, brochures, activity sheets, and workbooks. Teachers, counselors, and parents utilize the career group resources to successfully complete educational and career planning.

Means:

American Careers Career Paths, Career Communications, 6701 W. 64th St., Overland, KS 66202, 800-669-7795

Career Click, Illinois Department of Workforce Safety, 33 South State Street, Chicago, IL 60603, (312) 793-5700

CIP Code Index by Career Group, CTE Division for Adults and Higher Education, Office of Career and Technical Education, 333 Market Street, Harrisburg, PA 17126, (717) 772-0814

Group and Career Videos, Career One Stop, US Department of Labor, Frances Perkins Building, 200 Constitution Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20210, 866-4-USA-DOL

College Major Guide Utah System for Higher Education, Board of Regents Building, The Gateway, 60 South 400 West, Salt Lake City, UT 84101-1284, (801) 321-7100

Find Careers (Videos), iSeek Solutions, Minnesota State Colleges & Universities, Wells Fargo Place, 30 7th St. E., Suite 350, St. Paul, MN 55101-7804

High School Curricula, New Hampshire Department of Education, 101 Pleasant Street

Concord, NH 03301-3860, (603) 271-3494

Introduction to Professional Groups, Professional Education, Glencoe / McGraw-Hill, P.O. Box 543

Blacklick, OH 43004-0544,

Louisiana Integrated Skills Assessment (LISA), customized Internet version of OSCAR, a product of the Texas Workforce Commission / Career Development Resources, TWC / CDR, Austin, TX 78753

Maryland Career Clusters, Maryland State Department of Education 200 West Baltimore Street Baltimore, MD 21201,

Rhodes Island Professional Groups, Rhode Island Professional Resource Network, 1511 Pontiac Avenue, Cranston, RI 02920, 401-462-8790

School to Career Groups, State of Connecticut, Department of Labor, Job Board, 645 South Main Street, Middletown, CT 06457, (860)754-5000

State Professional Groups Initiative (SCCI), 1500 W. Seventh Avenue, Stillwater, OK 74074

Career plans, career clusters, knowledge and skills charts

Cluster Structures VTECS, VTECS, 1866 Southern Lane, Decatur, GA, 30033,404-679-4501 ext 543

What are professional groups? Career Prospects System, New Mexico Career Resource Network, OFFICE OF CAREER TECHNICAL AND LABOR EDUCATION (CTWEB), Education Building, 300 Don Gaspar, Santa Fe, NM 87501, (505) 827-6512

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Deepening the topography and exploration of restored memories of slavery at Farmington House and others

Last year marked the bicentennial of the abolition of the slave trade in the United States. The 1807 statute that effected it is entitled “An Act to Prohibit the Importation of Slaves at Any Port or Place Within the Jurisdiction of the United States, etc.”

The Emancipation Proclamation issued by Abraham Lincoln in 1863 (while the Civil War was still going on 145 years ago stated that it applied only to:

Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana (except the parishes of St. Bernard, Plaquemines, Jefferson, St. John, St. Charles, St. James, Ascension, Assumption, Terre Bonne, Lafourche, St. Mary, St. Martin, and Orleans, including the city of New Orleans), Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia (except for the forty-eight counties designated as West Virginia, and also the counties of Berkeley, Accomac, Northampton, Elizabeth City, York, Princess Anne and Norfolk, including the cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth), and what excepted parts are left for the time being precisely as if this proclamation had not been issued.

Lincoln excluded areas under union control to avoid pushing the border states to join the confederation. The civil war that was fought between the southern slave states and the northern confederate states then under the presidency of Abraham Lincoln was, in essence, over the rights to own slaves as property. Because the southern states were known for their extensive exploitation of slave labor to work their plantations. Kentucky was one of those states.

In June 2006, while we were part of the Summer Institute for the Study of Contemporary American Literature, we were directed on a tour of the restored remains of one such plantation and its slave house and other appendages. This plantation, along with his slave house, Farmington, reflects much of how it was then in the early 1800s.

As we walked onto the green grass carpeted lawn through the wooden paved walkway, several structures caught my eye, in addition to the 14-room federal-style house, which is said to have been modeled after an architectural plan drawn up by former US President Thomas Jefferson.

This farmhouse was started in 1815 and completed in 1816. Its construction involved large numbers of slaves, some of whom may have been skilled craftsmen such as blacksmiths, carpenters, sawyers, and masons.

Knowing that Abraham Lincoln, another former US President, once lived here, further increased my interest in exploring it.

Slave life here was like on other great Kentucky plantations, as our guide told us. John Speed, who eventually owned the property, emigrated there from Virginia in 1782, coming along with his parents, brothers, sisters, and family slaves. By the end of the 1790s he was running the salt factory at Mann’s Lick in southern Jefferson County and most of his workers were enslaved Africans who were hired by other slave owners.

By 1800, John Speed ​​had married Abby Lemaster and was living in Pond Creek in Jefferson County, Kentucky as a prosperous businessman, owner of sixteen slaves who worked in the mills and sawmills, as well as the salt flats of Mann’s Lick. Soon a widower and with two young daughters, Mary and Eliza, John Speed ​​married Lucy Gilmer Fry, twenty, of Mercer County in 1808. Lucy’s father, Joshua Fry, taught at Center College in Danville, Kentucky. . His maternal grandfather was Dr. Thomas Walker, one of Kentucky’s early explorers and also one of the young Thomas Jefferson’s guardians.

By 1809, Speed ​​had accumulated enough from the salt flats to allow him to purchase land in Beargrass Creek, including the present Farmington site, which he completed around 1809. By purchasing a large tract of land in Beargrass Creek in early 1810, John Speed ​​began building the fourteen-room federal-style brick house with Philadelphia master builders and skilled slave craftsmen. The house, with its octagonal side rooms, is similar in concept to several of Thomas Jefferson’s domestic designs. Farmington’s name is one that is shared with Charlottsville, Virginia, home of Lucy’s maternal aunt.

Later that year, they moved in and lived in cabins on this 550-acre property in Farmington.

In 1810, Speed ​​appears in the census reports as the owner of ten slaves, two of which were Phillis Thurston and his brother, Morrocco, who were given to John and Lucy Speed ​​by the Fry family who originally owned them. Then, with the establishment and development of the Farmington plantation, Speed’s slave ownership increased rapidly from 12 in 1811 to 39 in 1812 and then to 43 in 1813.

Speed ​​also oversaw the continuation of the road from Louisville to Bardstown, with labor supplied by his plantation hands and those of Samuel Brays. The completion of this path allowed troops to move around to be fed and clothed by the Speeds in the War of 1812. During the Civil War, Joshua and James Speed ​​played an important role in keeping Kentucky in the Union. Joshua traveled frequently to Washington and was instrumental in organizing the delivery of weapons to Union loyalists throughout the state. Because of this influence, Kentucky’s pro-Confederate Governor Beriah Magoffin and the legislature, also supporters of the Southern cause, were never able to tip the balance toward secession.

From the completion of the Farmington slave house in 1816 until Speed’s death in 1840, up to 64 enslaved Africans worked there. The plantation mainly grew hemp which was used to make rope and bags for the cotton trade. Replicas of these were seen as we toured the building. The farm also produced corn, hay, apples, pork, vegetables, wheat, tobacco, and dairy products. Slaves who worked in the fields were entrusted with the tasks of planting, harvesting, and shipping produce to markets. Those who worked on the gangway and those who drove the carts helped in this.

The Velocities, despite being strongly pro-Union, saw slavery as an accepted way of life as it was for everyone else in their community. Because slave labor was considered essential to the profitable operations of the plantation. Profits from slave labor in Farmington, as well as income from hiring them, helped pay for luxury items and children’s education and other family needs.

The responsibilities on the plantation were distributed between male and female slaves. Men primarily did the backbreaking work of harvesting hemp, which involved cutting, dragging, and splitting the hemp stalks into a hemp break. Each man was required to break 80-100 pounds a day, and those who exceeded this were paid for their extra work. Women worked outside the home, milking cows and driving them to pastures and carrying large loads of wood and water a considerable distance from the home. Those of the house cooked and cleaned. They built the fire, sewed clothes, churned butter, and did many other household chores. The Speed ​​women were said to be so dependent on slave labor that they would rely on a black slave to bring them water rather than get up and cross the room to get it.

According to James and Thomas Speed, great-nephew of John Speed ​​and author of Records and Memories of the Speed ​​Family, 1892, John Speed ​​provided a suitable environment for black slaves in Farmington, with each and his wife having a comfortable room, with a fire in it, as well as a bed and bedding, chairs, tables, and kitchen utensils. Slaves were also encouraged to cultivate plots of land for themselves, profits from which they used to improve their clothing. Several of them, including the favored Morocco and Rose, were entrusted with performing confidential special tasks, such as carrying and receiving letters and messages, selling goods in Louisville markets, and transporting children.

In reality, however, life in Farmington was far from rosy. The cases of resistance to slavery are many. In 1823, William C. Bullitt of the Oxmoor plantation placed an ad in the local newspaper for the capture of fugitive Ben Johnston, hired by John Speed. In 1826, Speed ​​announced the capture of two able men, Charles Harrison and Frazier, who had escaped. Below is another advertisement from the August 19, 1826 issue of the LOUISVILLE PUBLIC ADVERTISER which is just one example of those advertisements placed in Louisville newspapers for runaway slaves.

John Speed ​​died in 1840. After his death, Phillip Speed ​​is reported to have placed similar advertisements in 1851. Dinnie Thompson, Philis Thurston’s granddaughter, often recounted how she and her mother, Diana Thompson, escaped from Mary and Eliza Speed ​​only to be caught in a skiff as they were about to cross the Ohio River to freedom.

After Speed’s death, a 15-year-old slave, Bartlett, suspected of setting fire to the Farmington hemp factory, was sold by James Speed ​​to WH .. Pope & Co for $ 575.00 to have it taken away. of the state. After John Speed’s death, 57 of his slaves were divided between his wife and children. To ensure that each child received an equal share of the property, some slave families were separated. Peay, husband of Speed’s daughter Peachy, bought the house and some acres in 1846.

James Speed, known to be a strong emancipationist, is said to have frequently expressed anti-slavery sentiments during his interview in 1863 and on many public occasions. So, in the early 1850s, it was not surprising that he had ceased to be a slave owner. A series of emancipations followed, so that by 1865, the property had passed completely out of the hands of the family.

Before and during the war, some members of the Speed ​​family freed their slaves. According to court documents, on the same day in 1845, Lucy G. Speed, John’s widow, and her daughter Lucy F. Breckinridge emancipated three slaves: Rose, Sally, and their son Harrod. Other members of the family, such as sons J. Smith, Joshua, Phillip, and daughters Mary and Eliza, freed their slaves between 1863 and 1865.

This rich and interesting history is restored and spread to the floods of visitors to Farmington House through guidebooks, films, books, photo and relic exhibits and brochures recounting facts of history and the restoration and preservation of it all.

Farmington is said to have opened its doors to the public as a museum in 1957. But since then it has undergone several renovations and reinterpretations. Its current presentation is based on an extensive reinterpretation and restoration completed in 2002 to reflect the life of the Speed ​​family during the 1840s.

The home has been recently restored with its original paint colors, historic wallpapers and rugs lining the walls and floors, and is furnished with Kentucky furniture and other period antiques. It has been fully painted both inside and out, returning it to its original bright blue, yellow and pink colors. The interior joinery, fireplaces in each room, and brass work are original, as are many of the unusually large window panes that still remain in incredibly excellent condition. No home in Kentucky embodies federal architecture more gracefully than she does. The striking Jeffersonian features of its 14 perfectly proportioned rooms include two octagonal rooms embedded in their center, the narrow and boldly steep hidden staircase, and fan lights between the front and rear hallways. Exquisite reed doors, carved shelves and a marble plinth add a special elegance to your interior. Also striking is the elaborate early 19th century garden, with its stone spring and barn, as well as the kitchen, blacksmith shop, museum shop and a remodeled garage.

As we toured the entire house, we came to the basement room where Abraham Lincoln is said to have been housed throughout his stay here and we were astonished to see that we were shown many items that are living witnesses to his stay. We knew that we were also partners in that historic moment. Lincoln traveled from Illinois to visit Joshua Speed ​​and his family in Farmington in August 1841. They had developed a close friendship during the four years they met and shared accommodations. Through Joshua, Lincoln, the young lawyer at the time, began to expand his social and political circles. But at the time of his visit, a beleaguered Lincoln had broken up with the bright and attractive woman Mary Todd. He had even decided not to run for reelection. So when Joshua invited him in, Abe greeted him as a way to calm his despair.

Lincoln’s three weeks at Farmington would be truly restorative. Because it was a warm welcome and he became friends with the Speeds. There he took long walks with his friend Joshua, borrowing law books from Joshua’s brother James, who would later become Attorney General in Lincoln’s last cabinet. Mrs. Speed, who had just become widowed, gave Lincoln a Bible and advised him to read it regularly.

As Judge John Speed ​​had progressive views regarding the education of women and thus encouraged his daughters to study diligently, as opposed to the prevailing custom that placed a higher value on extensive education Of the men, Lincoln found these educated women of Speed ​​to be delightful company. In general, he found the Speeds an educated and cultured family, fond of music, literature and good conversation. They loved music so much that for several years they sponsored Anton Phillip Heinrich, a Bohemian composer. While living in Farmington, he created several of his famous works that appeared in his collection, The Dawning of Music in Kentucky. Later called the Beethoven of America, Heinrich is considered America’s first professional composer. It certainly influenced John Speed’s eldest daughter, Mary, who was an accomplished pianist and composer.

Farmington was important to Lincoln because it was probably the first slave plantation he ever visited. So when he wrote to Joshua’s half-sister Mary in September 1841 after his departure from Louisville, he expressed what was said to be his first known written observation of slavery. Because Lincoln was shocked to see chained slaves and slaves about to be resold. His impressions of the horror of slavery never left him, and over the years, slavery was perhaps the only subject that he resolutely opposed.

Farmington is just one of many buildings associated with slavery that have been preserved and many of which have been turned into museums and I would very much like to visit them. I would limit myself to those in Africa that it would be feasible for me to visit. First, let me acknowledge my progress on that plan by visiting the island of Goree in July 2007, just one year after my visit to Farmington.

This infamous island of Gorée shaped like the African continent, was the last sight of Africa seen by captured men and women led into a life of slavery in the Americas and the Caribbean. Through a cruise to the island, we visit the Slave Houses and the Forts used for the slave trade passing through the Gate of No Return and the museums to learn more about the island’s past through a lecture given by the curator Joseph N’Diaye. After that we enjoy lunch at a restaurant on the island and sail back to Dakar.

St. George’s Castle in Elmina, one of several former slave forts along the Atlantic coast of Ghana, is a popular destination and pilgrimage site for African Americans and visitors from around the world with its slave dungeons and cells as punishment. as well as a slave auction room that now houses a small museum that are traumatic sights to endure.

Cape Coast Castle and Museum is another. Cape Coast Castle also played a prominent role in the slave trade with its slave dungeons, the Palaver room, the tomb of an English governor and more. The castle was the seat of the British colonial administration for almost 200 years. The Museum now houses artifacts from across the region, including artifacts used during the slave trade. An informative video provides a good introduction to the business of slavery and shows how it was carried out.

The Gold Coast in Ghana is lined with old forts used by European powers during the slave trade, some of which have been converted into guesthouses and other forts such as Fort Amsterdam in Abanze have many original features, reflecting what it was like during the slave trade. .

Salaga, in northern Ghana, was the site of a major slave market whose grounds; slave wells that were used to wash slaves and fix them for a good price; and a huge cemetery where slaves who had died were buried have been preserved for visits and as relics.

The island of Gorée (Ile de Goree) is Senegal’s main destination for those interested in the history of the transatlantic slave trade.

The main attraction is the Maison des Esclaves (House of Slaves) built by the Dutch in 1776 as a detention point for slaves, which in turn has been turned into a museum where you will be guided through the dungeons where they were being held. the slaves and you will learn exactly how they were sold and shipped.

Porto-Novo, the capital of Benin, which was established as a major slave trading post by the Portuguese in the 17th century, has many ruined castles that can still be explored as I did with our own ruined fort in the Bunce Island in Sierra Leone long before the devastating war.

Ouidh (west of Coutonou) is where the slaves captured in Togo and Benin would spend their last night before embarking on their transatlantic journey. There is a History Museum (Musee d’Histoire d’Ouidah) that tells the story of the slave trade there.

The Route des Esclaves is a 4 km road lined with fetishes and statues where the slaves took their last walk to the beach and the slave ships. Important monuments have been erected in the last town on this road, which was the “point of no return.”

Albreda, an island that was an important slave post for the French, is now also a museum for slaves.

James Island was used to keep slaves for several weeks before they were shipped to other West African ports for sale. A dungeon where slaves were held for punishment still remains intact.

Lesser known but worth visiting slave trading sites in West Africa include the island of Gberefu and Badagry in Nigeria; Arochukwu, Nigeria; and the Atlantic coast of Guinea.

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Microsoft Navision and Crystal Reports – Overview

Microsoft Business Solutions: Navision is an integrated solution for small and medium-sized businesses looking to expand their business operations without much disruption to their existing processes. Microsoft Navision allows companies to modify as much or as little of their existing system, integrate add-ons and vertical segments of their development. It integrates all aspects of your organization, from customers to suppliers, from accounting to the supply chain, increasing your productivity and competitive advantage. Microsoft Navision has an open environment architecture that makes it fully customizable and easy to use and maintain. It can also be quickly deployed so there is minimal disruption to business operations.

Microsoft Navision was originally written by Denmark-based Navision Software in its own C / SIDE (Client / Server Integrated Development Environment) language. Both European and North American markets have benefited from its use. Its launch in the global market will help organizations to expand their development and add value to their business.

One of the main reporting tools in use today is Crystal Reports. With its ability to retrieve information from SQL commands, using Crystal Reports adds extensive functionality to your reporting procedure. The following is an overview of Crystal Reports in relation to Microsoft Navision:

C / SIDE

C / SIDE is Microsoft Navision’s integrated graphical development environment that provides customization tools to develop customer-specific solutions to be applied to a business process.

Within Crystal Reports, use C / ODBC to create a connection to the database required for report generation. The links are made within Crystal Reports. However, this connection technique tends to be inflexible if you want to modify your database mapping or the links within the report. You may want to remap the database for that report or use a Crystal Report query.

Microsoft SQL Server

Using Microsoft SQL Server in Microsoft Navision will be of great help, as SQL has the ability to integrate Navision with third-party products. SQL Server has a virtual table that you can access to minimize the complexity of looking for links in Crystal Reports. By referencing the view name in a Transact-SQL statement, a user can access this virtual table and retrieve the data for a future selection to be applied in Crystal Reports. You also have the option of creating stored procedures to execute a series of Transact-SQL statements in a single command. Additionally, SQL Query Analyzer can copy objects from existing databases and locate, view, or work with these objects within the database.

Reports on heterogeneous databases

If Microsoft Navision is on an SQL server, you have the ability to link from your database server to another third party database (Oracle, DB2, Unidata, Ingress, Sybase, Pervasive, Ctree, MS Access) for creating reports in Crystal Reports. . For example, if you are on a C / SIDE database, create a binding server with C / ODBC. Then you create additional linked servers to your legacy database. These links will serve as your group for creating a Crystal Report using various databases. Knowledge of the OPENROWSET keyword in SQL Server is useful for this type of execution.

Microsoft Navision is a powerful analytical tool for your business performance. Adding Crystal Reports to your capabilities will provide a more systematic way to measure your organization’s competence.

Do you need more info?

Contact us: 1-866-528-0577 help@albaspectrum.com

For customization and consulting work, contact Andrew Karasev, CTO, Alba Spectrum. His jobs include application development using Dexterity, SQL, C # .NET, Crystal Reports, and the Microsoft CRM SDK.

© February 2005 Alba Spectrum Technologies USA. All rights reserved.

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Research and development tax credit: the big opportunity

Today, groundbreaking discoveries are being made at an increasingly staggering rate. This rapid pace is due to accelerated access to information that results in a proliferation of ideas, discoveries and new uses of technology fueled by innovation. As companies continue to embrace technology and innovation to develop new products and processes and seek leverage to reduce the tax liability resulting from the revenue generated by innovation, they often overlook one of the most important tax opportunities available: research and high performance low risk and high return. Tax credit for development (R&D).

The Research and Development (R&D) Tax Credit was enacted in 1981 as an incentive to reverse the decline in research activities in the US and to encourage companies engaged in research activities to increase their efforts. At a rate of up to 20 percent, this tax credit reduces the taxpayer’s tax liability dollar for dollar. For example, a $ 100 tax credit reduces the tax liability by $ 100. Studies have shown that over time the R&D driving this incentive has had an impact. Since the secondary effects of new inventions multiply their benefits to society many times, the benefits to society derived from R&D have been shown to far exceed the benefits that private companies can obtain from their investments in R&D.

Before December 2001, there was a strong argument that the requirements to qualify for the research and development tax credit were quite difficult to meet and did not meet the intent of Congress. However, in 2004, the IRS issued permanent regulations to further reflect the intent of Congress.

Since then, an increasing number of architectural firms, engineering firms, manufacturers, software developers, defense contractors, and other companies have been able to make tax recoveries and ultimately reduce tax payments in future years through careful application of this tax exemption.

Determining eligibility for the tax credit is basically a two-step process. First, companies must identify potentially qualified activities. Then, when the activity meets the specified criteria, certain expenses related to the activity are included in the tax credit calculation.

To identify qualifying activities, companies must meet each of the following four-part testing criteria:

1. Is your work a new or improved product or process?

2. Is your work technological in nature?

3. Was technical uncertainty found for a given product design or process development?

4. Was there an experimentation process involved to resolve the technical uncertainty?

You might think that this four-part test would greatly restrict the range of businesses eligible for this credit. However, the ratings are quite broad if these tests are approached correctly and effectively. The real turning point is whether your company’s efforts and brainpower have created something new, or at least gradually changed something that would be considered new. In other words, when you design and build a better mousetrap, that new or improved mousetrap will address the issues of function, performance, reliability, or quality.

Certain types of activities specifically do not qualify for R&D credit; for example, research after commercial production of a product begins; adaptation of existing products or processes; duplication of existing products or processes; cost of acquiring someone else’s patent; surveys of efficiency, functions or management techniques; market research and testing; advertising and promotions; routine data collection; and routine testing, inspection and quality control.

The cost drivers of this credit are the salaries and salaries of selected personnel, the supply costs involved in the R&D process, and the costs associated with external contractors (contract research) working on applicable projects. As you can imagine, for companies that use a lot of resources and technology, these cost drivers could account for the majority of your business expenses. If a cost cannot be classified as one of these three types of expenses, it will not qualify for the credit.

Supplies may include, but are not limited to, paper, compact discs, computer supplies, laboratory supplies, workshop supplies, and other unforeseen accessories used by researchers, supervisory and support personnel. In addition, the supplies also include materials used in the construction of prototypes or models or testing thereof, components or sub-assemblies acquired from third parties and incorporated into prototypes and extraordinary amounts of electricity or other utilities consumed in the research activity. However, the supplies do not include depreciable property or land.

Sixty-five percent of costs (otherwise eligible for the credit) paid or incurred on behalf of the taxpayer by someone other than an employee are eligible for the R&D credit as contract research.

Software development costs are treated as qualified costs if those costs meet the test of a qualified activity and if the software:

• It is developed and sold or given to a third party.

• It is part of or built into the computer hardware.

• It is developed for use in a qualified research activity or as part of a production process.

To qualify for the R&D credit, software for internal use must meet three additional criteria:

• The software must demonstrate significant innovation.

• The software must have a significant financial risk in terms of the resources dedicated to the project.

• The system must not be commercially available for purchase, lease, license or use without requiring modifications.

Since the search for the research and development tax credit is an effort driven by facts and circumstances, it must be adequately documented and supported to provide justification for the IRS examination. Among the most important supporting documents are those that demonstrate the experimentation process, the uncertainty, and the level of innovation or novelty of the particular rated activity. This does not require that the results of the experiments be specifically recorded. The results of the experiments should be recorded in a way that is appropriate for the particular field of science in which the experiment is being conducted and for the type of experimentation involved. For example, in some fields, experiments are recorded in laboratory books. However, in manufacturing, by contrast, experiments can be recorded in design verification analysis and testing.

Although enacted on a “temporary” basis and subject to extension, the R&D credit remains a viable tax incentive for taxpayers during the designated extended period, as well as for those taxpayers with open tax filing years, which it could be a potentially significant financial benefit for business taxpayers in reducing their federal and state income tax liability. Additionally, since companies can recover taxes from up to three prior tax years, by utilizing R&D credit, the recovered assets could be a great addition to the bottom line.

With the proliferation of technological innovations in equipment and processes, the concentration of manufacturing complexes in the country should benefit from this great opportunity. American industry and professional associations have demonstrated their support for a permanent R&D tax credit. It is perceived that the credit will continue to enable American businesses to create and preserve quality jobs for the American worker, develop innovative products and services, and, Ultimately, remain competitive in global markets. Such authorization will continue to fulfill the initial intention of Congress.

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Microsoft Dynamics GP Customization: Dexterity vs. Extender, Plus eConnect

Microsoft Great Plains is currently undergoing a major technology redesign. To remind you of the history, Great Plains Dexterity was designed in the early 1990s as an IDE and shell, written in the C programming language to become a Sanscript scripting and development tool. Later, Microsoft bought Great Plains Software on the edge of the 21st century. At around this time we see two emerging products: eXtender, written by the Australian company eOne, and eConnect – instrument, initially designed for web e-commerce developers. The question of choosing the right tool for the development of your specific GP software usually requires additional research, so in this little article we will try to guide you, assuming you are a programmer and consultant, that you have some exposure to the architecture of corporate ERP systems and accounting.

o Dexterity. The idea was brilliant in the early 1990s to provide Great Plains Dynamics with a certain level of independence from the database and computer platform and quick turnaround in case of emergency. The C programming language was introduced for most of the platforms of yesteryear: Unix, IBM PC / Microsoft Windows, Solaris, AIX, later on Linux. As a waste of this flexibility, Dexterity had to use a cursor-driven data access / modification engine, to be compared with added SQL SELEC and UPDATE statements. Aggregate statements provide much more advanced performance

o Extender. Sometimes you think of funny questions about software development. Suppose we provide a shell on top of Dex and train the end user or developer to prototype new custom logic in forms, tables, views and even provide the mechanism to include dex sanscript scriptlets. Would it be an advantage over using raw dexterity to build all of this from scratch? The answer is more likely: yes, this is great and it is much easier and more reliable to implement a secondary shell (extender), however you need to understand the cons. Extending, being the dex build should probably share the future fate of the dex technology. And secondly, if you produce custom plugins for Dynamics GP, you should probably use the initial tool. However, if you are an end customer and only need to do one job, the extender is a good option.

or eConnect. This tool is solving the limitation of Dex as a proprietary scripting language and opens the GP object group to Microsoft Visual Studio developers. Additionally, eConnect has an object-oriented approach, which means that it is much easier to program as a “modern programmer” – it eliminates the need for a lot of QA tests, assuming that you, as a software coder, follow the rules. precisely oriented objects. You can use the language of your choice or philosophy of your choice: C # (ex Java developers) or VB.Net – ex VB programmers, as well as the entire spectrum of X.Net languages

o Combining Dexterity and eConnect. In our opinion, this is the most recommended form of GP modifications for the next 5-10 years. Skill forms integrate you into the Microsoft Dynamics GP “fat” customer security scope and can be intuitively opened from the GP workstation. Then you pass the business logic into custom logic developed by Visual Studio, calling eConnect through the XML web service interface

o Reports. Here we see three tools: MS SQL Server Reporting Services, GP Report Writer (legacy dex tool), and Crystal Reports. You should probably consider MS trends here first: SRS (pretty much ditching the previous Crystal Reports guidance). The good news is that the former Crystal Reports designer intuitively understands SRS, so fear not, install SRS and transfer your reports to a new platform. Regarding ReportWriter, if you’ve customized SOP Invoice Long Form or Field Services forms, you should probably keep updating these custom reports in ReportWriter. Report Writer is integrated with the GP workstation and does not require additional modules to perform report call work

o Skill source code programming. MBS has source code programming partners, who in turn have a Dexterity programmer, familiar with low-level sanscript source code (contained in DYNAMICS.DIC with code in regular distribution strips of sanscript code from this dictionary)

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Designing your own pool is fun!

How to design your own pool

If future plans for your backyard include an in-ground pool, you can start by making your own design. Whether you end up with just a sketch or a detailed plan, your time is well spent and you’ll avoid many of those “should” moments. By giving professionals something tangible to start with, you will also save a great deal of time dealing with them … less back and forth while the family debates what they really want.

I recommend starting with a trip to the bookstore magazine rack. There are several posts that highlight the latest trends and enough bright photos to get the family excited. However, from the start, be realistic about how much money and space you can put into the project. Focus on designs that suit your property, not just in size, but in style and grandeur. The Trevi Fountain is beautiful, but it wouldn’t look good in most subdivision backyards. If your home architecture is formal, stick with that. If it’s rustic, go with that. I have seen many people blow sixty thousand dollars into a beautiful pool that seems out of place. Lastly, remember that there is much more than just the container that holds the water. A large swimming pool is a collection of water effects, decks, furniture, landscaping, and sometimes architectural elements such as walls, benches, fireplaces, and even outdoor kitchens.

If you are the engineering type, you may want to purchase one of the available computer programs that draw groups. Some are simple and free. Some are full cad / cam programs that require a doctorate. Or maybe you just want to grab graph paper and some colored pencils. Both methods work equally well. Your pool builder will just use it as a guide anyway to put the design in the format you are used to. As you review your site, a few things will come in handy: Assemble enough garden hose to approximate the perimeter of your future pool. Most pools have a perimeter of around 90 feet but obviously you might want more or less. Have a nice long tape measure on your belt and gather some outdoor furniture that looks like what you eventually want to set up poolside. It’s much easier to see how much space you need to walk around a real chair than to imagine it on paper. Most importantly, you should drag any family member into the backyard who will ever use the pool. Now is the time to reach a consensus on what everyone wants; not after you and the pool builder have spent 50 hours designing it.

With the garden hose, design the perimeter of the virtual pool in the shape and location you have in mind. Now, you have many things to consider. The first and most important thing is the proximity to the foundation of your house and any other structure. Some heavy equipment will be digging a very large hole and you don’t want to compromise the soil that supports your beautiful home! I recommend keeping the waterline at least seven feet from the foundation. Assuming you are making a gunite pool, the pool wall at the top is 12 “thick, so seven feet will provide a six foot buffer zone. Next, consider where the rain that falls from the pool goes. roof of your house and it runs off the surface The location and elevation of the pool will need to be designed to prevent dirty runoff from fouling the pool water. Almost anything can be accomplished with underground drains, but as you might expect, the complexity costs money. Next, consider the entry point (s) for the pool and the pathways provided from various points in the backyard. When planning the deck, you may want to use some additional garden hose. Deck can be expensive but it often makes the pool much more usable.of your outdoor furniture in likely places around your virtual pool and see what you need to walk around without feeling like Most pool users spend more time around the pool than in the pool.

Another important consideration is the location of the underground utilities. At no charge, your utility companies will go out and paint lines in your yard to mark gas lines, water lines, and any underground power lines. Sewer lines and septic systems can be more difficult to decipher, but now is the time to locate them. Having the pool digger knocking on your back door is not a good feeling. If you have overhead power or telephone lines in the pool area, you may also need to consider the height of the equipment needed to excavate the pool. Lastly, this team will need access to the pool site from the street; All that dirt needs to be removed and typical equipment needs at least six to eight feet of road. Yes, air conditioners can be moved and fences, but it all costs money and in some cases may require the cooperation of neighbors. (Start bringing them cookies now).

Lastly, consider the space needed for a nice landscape. Whether you do it with the pool or add it later, a landscape plan will eventually frame the project and create the necessary connection to the rest of the backyard. Simple or elegant, remember to include the water pipes and electrical lines needed for sprinklers and lighting. It is much cheaper to traverse the land than the new pool deck.

In a future article, I will discuss the various types of pool designs, as well as the various construction methods with the pros and cons of each. If your pool project is something for the future, enjoy the luxury of planning it slowly and carefully. A swimming pool is an important investment by any measure and is permanent. You can’t go back and start over. When your plan is more or less complete, it’s time to call a couple of pool builders and see what they think. Ask to see their portfolio and meet someone who already understands what you like. Most builders will be happy to take you on an afternoon tour to see their work in person. Take your time with this as you did with all the other steps in the planning process. One future summer afternoon, as you sit by the pool, sipping your iced tea, you will be so glad you did!

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Travel of the aristocracy!

From Appleby-in-Westmorland

In England

To Apple for

In Texas,

A base directly from England

Appleby-in-Westmorland

A city in Cumbria

In the North West of England

Located within a circuit of the Eden River

And it’s in historic Westmorland County

Which was the county town of

City that I call mine

It was just called Appleby

Until the local government changes of 1979

Appleby’s main industry, my pride’s tourism

Due to our proximity to the Lake District

The North Cents, Swaledale

And Howgill Fells

My Appleby, overlooked

Privately owned Appleby Castle

A predominantly Norman structure

What was the home of Lady Anne Clifford

Experience the annual Appleby horse fair

It is held regularly in early June.

Appleby Train Station

Placed on the Scotland Settle-Car Line

Appleby, formerly a parliamentary district

Electricity two Members of Parliament

By the 18th century, we had become

A pocket worthy district

My town of Appleby, a township

Until its abolition under the

Local Government Act 1972

Will be replaced by the Eden District Council

Based in Penrith

Appleby dialect, a variant of mine

Cumbrian dialect, spoken

The Penrith and Eden district area

Appleby, Texas

Texas, a state in the southwestern United States

Bordered by Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana,

The Gulf of Mexico, Mexico and New Mexico

The beautiful Texas town

Appleby, a town in Nacogdoches County

Nacogdoches County, a county located in Texas

With its county seat, a stage for progress

In Nacogdoches

Nacogdoches, the host of

The Blueberry Festival

Held the second Saturday in June

This county is the

Top Blueberry Producer in Texas

And the Texas Blueberry Marketing association headquarters

We recently tagged ourselves

Texas Forest County Capital

My beautiful county, one of the first

Texas Certified Retirement Communities

I can feel the lasting bond

Flowing from Apple-in-Westmorland

For Appleby from Texas.

Berchem

In Belgium

To Bercher

In Switzerland,

A southern district of the municipality

In the Flemish region of Belgium

Located along the old Great Stone Road

Pronounced in Dutch as Grote Steenweg

And the connection from Brussels to Antwerp for several centuries.

It borders the districts of

Deurne, Borgerhont

Wilrijk and Antwerp

And municipality of Mortsel

Berchem, consisting of three quarters

Oud Berchem, Groenehoek, Nieuw Kwartier

Ring Antwerp circular motorway

A track of the old city defense walls.

I used to cut Berchem into two parts

To separate Oud-Berchem from

Groenehoek at Nieuw Kwartier

Zurenborg area of ​​my Berchem

A highly concentrated crowd of Art Noureau

And fin de siècle style townhouses

Many built between 1894 and 1906

Pay homage to my main streets of interests

Cogels-Osylei, Transraalstraat

And Waterloostraat

My area gained monumental status in the 1980s

To become an attraction for

Architectural minded visitors

The Driekoningenstraat – Stratiestraat

My main commercial and commercial area

You know I’m living in Berchem with

The wonderful politician

Bart de wever

It’s not like that?

Bercher, the beauty of Switzerland

Bercher, my beauty in debt

Enclosed as a municipality in

The Echallens district

This district of Echallens, I have assigned it as

A district of the canton of Vaud

In my hometown of Switzerland

The headquarters of my district called

The town of Echallens

Also elegantly located in Canton.

From vaud in my switzerland

Life is worth living

Bearing the cities of

Berchem and Bercher

Within your range of vision.

Copyright, Anyaele Sam Chiyson